You wouldn’t think this tiny critter is a particularly deadly animal, but the mosquito is responsible for the deaths of more than two million people each year.
In most places the worst a mosquito will do to you is leave you with an itchy bite for a couple of days. However, in some regions mosquitoes act as a vector agent carrying disease-causing viruses and parasites from person to person without being affected themselves.
The most common mosquito-borne diseases include yellow fever, dengue fever and malaria.
There are more than 3500 different species of mosquitoes throughout the world, but it is believed the animal carries and transmits diseases to 700 million people annually in Africa, Latin America, Russia and much of Asia.
4. ASIAN COBRA
The Asian cobra will leave you paralysed with fear… literally.
The snake’s venom contains a powerful post-synaptic neurotoxic and when bitten, it acts on the nerves and paralyses muscles. Severe bites can lead to respiratory failure and heart attacks.
Of the 50,000 deaths from snakes bites across the world each year, this species is responsible for a large number of them.
Usually found in grasslands, open forests and savanna, the Asian cobra is a widespread and common species from central and eastern Asia, Vietnam and Thailand.
3. AUSTRALIAN BOX JELLYFISH
This jellyfish has a venom that attacks a human’s cardiac and nervous systems and if it stings you, you have virtually no chance of surviving unless treated straight away.
Its tentacles have the ability to sting even when separated from the jellyfish, making it a very dangerous creature.
Box jellyfish are more numerous after rain and move towards the shore in calm waters when the tide is rising. They are commonly found across the northern top of the country as well as Queensland and the northern Western Australia coast.
2. GREAT WHITE SHARK
The fact this beast has some three thousand teeth should give you a clue as to his fearsomeness. While they usually feed on fish, seals and other sea animals, should a surfer find him/herself in the wrong place at the wrong time they might be mistaken for dinner.
Humans aren’t prey of choice though. With a high ratio of bone to muscle and fat, the shark’s digestion is too slow to cope.
Great Whites can be found in almost all coastal waters with a temperature between 12 and 24 degrees. There are greater concentrations of the species in the United States, Japan, Africa and Oceania.
1. AFRICAN LIONS
Between razor-sharp claws, equally sharp teeth, and the ability to chase their prey at great speeds, this great beast is one of the world’s best hunters.
Hunting in packs, lions usually stalk their chosen prey and carefully select a location in which to pounce.
African lions can be found in savanna grasslands under the shade of an Acacia tree.